A look back at the evolution of electronic mail since its existence in the last century


Looking back, you can’t imagine a world without email. With the pandemic hitting the world, emails are becoming an even more integral part of our lives. Since time immemorial, it has been a crucial interactive component in the professional world. The use of emails for digital marketing is also on the rise.

According to a Statistical report, the number of email users worldwide stands at four billion and is expected to reach 4.6 billion by 2025.

First email message

One of the world’s first email systems was developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 and was called MAILBOX. At first, it allowed users to share files and messages on a central desktop from which the user could access them by connecting to their remote terminals.

In 1971, an American computer programmer, Tomlinson, found a method of sending email between different computers and introduced the “@” sign to allow messages to be user-specific.

The first email standard was given in 1973, and it included the “to” and “from” fields and the forwarding of emails to recipients that had not been added before.

Who sent the first email?

In 1976, Queen Elizabeth II emailed Arpanet, becoming the first head of state to use it. Jimmy Carter’s presidential campaign is said to have pioneered the use of email in the same year. It didn’t take much longer for someone to spam. In 1978, Gary Thurek started spamming to market a new product, and he claimed the email brought in $13 million in sales.

In 1979, Shiva Ayyadurai created a program called E-MAIL for the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, which sent electronic messages to the university. Ayyadurai claimed that he was the true inventor of email, and this debate has been going on ever since.

Email Growth

In 1989, Lotus notes (IBM Notes) email software was released. Before that, email was only available to students and employees, but the birth of the internet completely revolutionized email as people could use it to create their email addresses. On August 28, 1991, the first e-mail from space was sent. Although emails were sent, no attachments could be added to them until 1992 when the attachment in emails was born.

In 1996, along with the third version of Internet Explorer, Microsoft also released Internet Mail and News 1.0 (Outlook). Hotmail also launched its free email services this year, and spam had become a big problem by 1998.

In 2002, Blackberry became the first device with email capabilities. With the launch of Gmail in 2004, the game completely changed, and it came with new features and more storage.

Over the years, many innovations have been made. 2020 changed everything. During the pandemic, emails were an essential means of communication, especially with working from home.

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